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International Conference on Cardiology and Cardiac Nursing, will be organized around the theme “Advancing into the Future of Cardiology and Cardiac Nursing”
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Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. The most common reason for this is a build-up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of the blood vessels that supply the heart or brain. Strokes can also be caused by bleeding from a blood vessel in the brain or from blood clots. The cause of heart attacks and strokes are usually the presence of a combination of risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidaemia.
- coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;
- cerebrovascular disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
- peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
- rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;
- congenital heart disease – malformations of heart structure existing at birth;
- deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs
To understand how cardiac surgery works, it is helpful to know something about the anatomy of the heart. The heart is a muscle containing four compartments or chambers that separate oxygen-poor blood from oxygen-rich blood. The atria are the top chambers. They receive blood from the body. The ventricles are the bottom chambers. They pump blood out to the body. Oxygen-poor blood enters the right atrium, then moves through a valve to the right ventricle. It is then pumped out of the right ventricle to the lungs where it picks up oxygen. The oxygen-rich blood returns to the left atrium of the through the pulmonary vein, flows through a valve to the left ventricle, and is then pumped into the aorta. The aorta is the only artery carrying blood out of the heart. Smaller arteries branch off and carry blood to the rest of the body from this very large, thick, long artery. The first arteries to branch off the aorta are the coronary arteries. These carry a continuous supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
Cardiac surgery is done to correct many different types of heart conditions. The most common are:
Nursing has a place with that works with patients who experience the ill effects of different states of the cardiovascular framework. Cardiovascular medical caretakers or cardiac nurses cure those conditions, for example, unsteady angina, cardiomyopathy, coronary course sickness, congestive heart disappointment, myocardial dead tissue and heart dysrhythmia under the supervision of a cardiologist. Heart medical nurse practitioners have the real work to do in basic circumstance. They are prepared for various practice range, including coronary consideration units (CCU), heart catheterization, serious patient consideration units (ICU), working theaters, cardiovascular recovery focuses, cardiovascular consideration focus clinical exploration, cardiovascular surgery wards, cardiovascular concentrated consideration units (CVICU), and cardiovascular restorative wards.
The tests you'll need to diagnose your heart disease depend on what condition your doctor thinks you might have. No matter what type of heart disease you have, your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and ask about your personal and family medical history before doing any tests. Besides blood tests and a chest X-ray, tests to diagnose heart disease can include:
The heart is a vital organ within our body, pumping oxygen-rich blood to the parts that need oxygen, and oxygen-poor blood back towards the lungs. Considering the importance of the heart, there are different types of Cardiac specializations like Cardiology, Vascular surgery, Electrophysiology and Cardiac Surgery with different purposes to maintain the health of the heart. All cardiologists study the disorders of the heart, but the study of adult and child heart disorders are through different training pathways. Therefore, an adult cardiologist is inadequately trained to take care of children, and pediatric cardiologists are inadequately trained to take care of adults. The surgical aspects are not included in cardiology and are in the domain of cardiothoracic surgery. For example, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), cardiopulmonary bypass and valve replacement are surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists. However the insertion of stents, pacemakers is performed by cardiologists. Different Types of Cardiology For example: Adult Cardiology, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Cardio geriatrics, Echocardiography, Interventional cardiology, Pediatric cardiology ….etc.
Heart assaults and strokes are generally intense occasions and are chiefly caused by a blockage that keeps blood from streaming to the heart or mind. The condition where blood supply to mind has ceased incidentally, because of development of blood cluster which can be found in a corridor The most widely recognized explanation behind this is a development of greasy stores on the inward dividers of the veins that supply the heart or cerebrum. The reason for heart assaults and strokes are normally the nearness of a mix of hazard factors, for example, tobacco utilize, undesirable eating routine and stoutness, physical latency and unsafe utilization of liquor, hypertension, diabetes and hyperlipidemia. The danger of heart stroke can increment from four to five times on the off chance that you have atrial fibrillation. Heart stroke looks for a crisis medicinal consideration.
Stroke is when poor circulatory system to the mind realizes cell end. Long haul hypertension is a noteworthy hazard factor for coronary vein malady, stroke, heart disappointment, fringe vascular sickness, vision misfortune, and endless kidney illness. Hypertension is once in a while joined by side effects, and its distinguishing proof is normally through screening.
Coronary artery disease is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and get better with rest. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. The first sign is occasionally a heart attack. Other complications include heart failure or an irregular heartbeat.
The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine. Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiac surgeons, a specialty of general surgery.
Cardiac regeneration is a broad effort that aims to repair irreversibly damaged heart tissue with cutting-edge science, including stem cell and cell-free therapy. Reparative tools have been engineered to restore damaged heart tissue and function using the body's natural ability to regenerate. Working together, patients and providers are finding regenerative solutions that restore, renew and recycle patients' own reparative capacity.
Angiography of the heart is a method of contrast X-ray examination of the heart and blood vessels, produced for diagnostic of vessels thrombosis as well as for the endovascular correction of the existing pathology.
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases The main advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery. Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction.
Clinical cardiac electrophysiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.
Nursing care is for people who need a qualified nursing care team available to them 24 hours a day. That might, for example, include people who need intensive rehabilitative care (like people who have suffered a stroke), people who need peg feeding, people with physical disabilities and people with long-term conditions. A nursing care design gives guidance on the kind of nursing care the individual/family/group may need. The fundamental concentration of a nursing care design is to encourage institutionalized, confirm based and comprehensive care.
Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the medication of cardiac diseases. The Cardiac Drugs are used to treat conditions of the heart or the circulatory or vascular system. Many classes of cardiovascular agents are available to treat the various cardiovascular conditions. In this sub topic we have Sodium, potassium, calcium channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors and Cardiac biomarkers.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart. Heart is an important muscular organ in humans and other animals, pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system. The drugs that are used to treat other disorders in body show a great impact on heart causing various side effects. Hence case reports on cardiac arrest and diseases have a great value and help in advancing and development of treatment strategies.
Clinical cardiac electrophysiology, arrhythmia services, or electrophysiology), is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart. Cardiologists with expertise in this area are usually referred to as electrophysiologists. Electrophysiologists are trained in the mechanism, function, and performance of the electrical activities of the heart. Electrophysiologists work closely with other cardiologists and cardiac surgeons to assist or guide therapy for heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias). They are trained to perform interventional and surgical procedures to treat cardiac arrhythmia.
The Division of Pediatric Cardiology is responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, and electrophysiology studies, and for the on-going management of the sequel of heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. The various Inflammatory heart diseases include Myocarditis, Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood illness that affects the blood vessels. There are also other Pericardial diseases that can present clinically as acute pericarditis, pericardial effusion, cardiac tamponade, and constrictive pericarditis. Infective endocarditis is a form of endocarditis. It is an inflammation of the inner tissues of the heart.
Cardiology Conferences promotes awareness against Risk factor modification about the heart diseases. The most comprehensive provider of cardiovascular services in the prevention, detection, management and treatment of the cardiovascular diseases. This annual cardiology meeting is a platform for postgraduate education and scientific work in the fields of cardiology, angiology, hypertension and cardiac and vascular surgery. It reduces clinical events and premature death in people with cardiovascular disease risk. Cardiovascular disease is treatable with initial treatment primarily focused on diet and lifestyle interventions. The medical meeting focuses on the treatment of diseases and new theories of diagnosis of the blood vessels and the vascular system or heart.
Advanced nurses “provide and coordinate patient care and they may provide primary and specialty health care. They serve Diagnosing, Performing physical exams, Evaluating patient progress, Providing counseling , Participating in research studies. Advanced practice nurses have considerably more freedom to make decisions, suggest treatments and courses of action, and determine care for the patients with whom they work.